Here is a bit of a start of some options. There will need to be a lot of plans and procedures reviewed, written, rewritten, training and such, but I think that the end result is worth the renovation process. Mitigating Violent Intruder Incidents· Access Control modifications: o Entry for students arriving by school mass transportation means happens away from the main entrance to the school. In closed campus locations this is within the fenced area that is not accessible to the public. § Benefit: Separation of the majority of the students who were picked up by the bus drivers who know them, and the bus drivers have had the ability to observe any abnormal behavior from these students. (most students who go to school to shoot other students don’t take all their hardware to school by bus) § Benefit: Bus drivers who suspect passengers would be trained to divert their bus to an alternate location, separating their bus and potential victims from the larger student body. Parking in these alternate areas would be observed by the morning bus monitors and they would alert the armed school resource officers. o Entry of all other students who walk or are dropped off at school happens through a designated student entry door into a two door controlled corridor. The interior door is secure. As students arrive in the corridor, they are screened by those that know the student population and can identify abnormalities (such as a trench coat on a hot day that could be concealing something, excessively heavy appearing bags that may contain other potential hazards introduced by students who are members of the student body.) § Benefit: This area is within view of an armed resource officer or staff member. § Benefit: This area is a containment area that controls access into the student screening area and then into the school. § Benefit: This area is supported by alarm systems that can be activated manually by pushing a button, by pre-programmed radio codes and automatically by the sounds of gunfire, thereby engaging the Active Shooter Lockdown process. § Benefit: This limits access to a small area and small population. If violence happens here it is not victim free, but has been mitigated to minimize victims. o Entry of all adults happens through a separate entry door designed the same as the student entry door, but this area is monitored by the school administration staff that verifies the purpose of the visit, accept drop off items from delivery persons, etc. § Benefit: This area is within view of an armed resource officer or staff member. § Benefit: This area is a containment area that controls access into the credentialing area and then into the school. § Benefit: This area is supported by alarm systems that can be activated manually by pushing a button, by pre-programmed radio codes and automatically by the sounds of gunfire, thereby engaging the Active Shooter Lockdown process. § Benefit: This limits access to a small area and small population. If violence happens here it is not victim free, but has been mitigated to minimize victims. o Entry into every classroom is controlled by the staff in that room. Electronic or physical key access would work to improve containment of the students inside rooms. § Benefit: Electronic locks have proven effective in many industries to keep those who are not credentialed to be there out. Each staff member’s keycard could be programmed to only allow entrance to their space or a limited list of spaces to prevent a stolen card from entering each room. Administrators who may need greater access could have their proximity card attached to a numerical code that would require both card presentation and the code to enter. Even a stolen card would not be enough to gain free access. § Benefit: Cost in retrofitting could be kept down through centralized school district management and contracting installation and programming in bulk as opposed to building by building. § Benefit: This puts the grant or tax dollars into projects into our communities that provide jobs that improve the security of our schools’ staff and children. o Every school is staffed by armed resource officers, support staff or administrators that are properly screened, trained and skilled in emergency response. § Benefit: Those that want this responsibility that are screened and trained to be capable will be an exceptional resource. § Benefit: More employees being paid from local tax funding or federal funding to our community members that are now proudly tasked with keeping our schools safer than they are today. o Installation of better communication systems within schools. We don’t need human runners to bring messages back and forth. We don’t need to let “visitors” that we don’t know and have not screened to walk the halls with a “Hello My Name is” sticker name tag. § Benefit: Better access control and keeping people who don’t need to be in the school halls and classrooms away from those locations where our kids are safe. o Installing better screening technology in offices where guests are being screened. We have the databases for some risks (law enforcement related) and if further medical conditions are identified as risk factors then those should be included. § Benefit: Keeping better control on visitors and guests to keep them out of our schools. “May I see your driver’s license please?” Enter them into the search field and in an instant they pop up. Same way LE gets to run people, quick and efficient. Trained administrative staff could be entrusted with this and monitored so as not to abuse this criminal/medical condition information database for reasons other than safeguarding the school. This does not cover all the layers, but some that seem to be reasonable and could be implemented. Combine these with others being suggested and we can create a school that has a feeling of safety that actually has a few other layers than many or any schools have today. Some of these elements are in play at various schools and have seemed to be effective. Why not put some of these things, physical, procedural, personnel and potential risk information management into the mitigation of risk in our schools? It will take more screening, more training, more commitment, more money but it may save lives.