This year I've been making a more concerted effort to fish for coastal (not CR interior) summer steelhead. The problem is, I'm finding them to be a more difficult customer to figure out than Winter run fish or CR fish. I've landed a few hatchery summers in terminal area fisheries this year, but through July I'll probably be fishing less populated rivers with smaller, wild populations. The problem is, I just don't understand these fish's MO. Winter steelhead I get, and dam counts tell me just about everything I need to know about finding CR fish, but coastal summers are a migratory puzzle I can't figure out. I was wondering if anybody had any tips for finding these fish. I know which rivers support such populations, I generally know which tributaries and stretches those fish overwinter and spawn in, and I know which kind of water they'll hold in, but their summer time migration, I'm having difficulty with. What I know about these fish are that: 1) They enter the river from April until fall. 2) At some point in the summer/fall, they ascend a barrier passable at certain flows that spatially separates the spawning location of the summer and winter populations. As for when either of those two things happen, I have no idea. Unlike winter steelhead which seem to spread out in their system, I feel totally unconfident that I'm fishing the right stretch at the right time. I end up wondering if 95% of the run is above or below me. I understand that for big, summertime snowpack rivers, all bets are off as to where they'll be until they make their move up into their tributary in late summer/early fall. But it's the smaller rivers with no runoff that I'm having trouble figuring out. The kind of rivers one finds in SW WA, or Vancouver Island. The biggest question I'm stuck on is, to fish above the barrier or not? Right now, it's the end of June. The water has been very low during June. Many of these rivers have falls that are only ascendible during very low water. Would you fish above or below the falls? Also, what the hell are Skamania hatchery fish thinking when they ascend the hatchery outlet trickle in early June? All the time, you'll find hatchery steelhead in June banging their heads against the outlet grate and the hatchery on-hand reports support this. Surely they don't expect to oversummer and overwinter in a 5cfs stream!? Could it truly be because of the unnatural selection involved with hatcheries only spawning the first in line? Or could this be an indicator that summer steelhead attempt to migrate as far up their natal streams/tributaries as possible and drop back downstream only when their progress is retarded by an unpassable (at that flow) barrier or to find less exposed holding water?