Also, I've used bear spray several times, and it works fine. A lot of people will say you need a fire arm but I totally disagree. I've guided 5 years in the Katmai Region, which is famous for its large numbers of bears, and I've even had some close calls, and never felt like I needed a gun. Just be aware of which direction the wind is blowing, and realize you need to be within about 6 ft for it to work. Spooky, I know, the containers say 15 ft but that is a gross overestimate. More importantly is just being aware and moving out of a bears way when it approaches. Common sense is a much better tool for being bear safe than any gun.