I've had an enjoyable summer fishing surface and subsurface sand lance pattens for sea run cutthroat. My subsurface fly has evolved to surf candy or flatwing patterns, size 6 or 8, around 3 inches total with the tail about 2/3 of the fly length. I enjoy these patterns over weighted streamers, but recognize they may not appear as injured when retrieved (less bobbing) and may elicit less aggressive strikes. I've used Leland's popper on the surface. With subsurface patterns, I'd estimate my strike to hook-up ratio is 20 percent or less, with many fish striking through the body of the fly (often several strikes per retrieve). I have not appreciated a significant difference varying the retrieve, which I only change until finding what it takes to elicit strikes. I think I do slightly better with the surface popper, which is always a steady two handed retrieve with a wake. Question #1) Is this ratio typical (go easy on me here)? What would you estimate your ratio is with subsurface and surface patterns? For those with markedly better outcomes, any tips on how to improve (fly choice, design, technique)? Question #2) I'm working on tube fly patterns for sand lance. I imagine putting the hook further back on the fly may increase hook ups, but fouling would become a larger issue unless it's in a stinger location. I own the first Tube Flies book, but sadly the majority of the photos don't include the hook or sleeve placement. For those of you tying sand lance (or any bait fish) patterns on tubes, how far back are you placing the hook/sleeve to optimize your strike/catch ratio, while minimizing fouling and deep hook sets? As always, thank you for sharing your knowledge and experience.