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Your tippet is the terminal end of a tapered leader, usually (but not always) the thinnest part, and generally governs the breaking strenght of your leader (assuming your knots are good). The "X" system refers to the diameter of the tippet material. 0x is thicker than 5x, which is thicker than 8x. Thicker than 0x, you get into the 0/ diameters, that go in the other direction: 0/1 is thinner than 0/2, and so forth.

Breaking strength is different for different materials anad brands. All 5x is the same diameter, but one may have a higher breaking strength, or "pound test" than another. One 5x tippet might be 4-pound test, one might be 5. It usually says right on the spool. For some kinds of fishing, the diameter is a more important index than the breaking strength, especialy fishing dry flies for trout, where you want a very small diameter.
 
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